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Medicare Made Clear: Decoding Advantage Plans 

Navigating the vast amount of information in regard to healthcare options available to seniors can be difficult. Among the many choices, Medicare Advantage Plans (also known as Part C), stand out as a great choice for many seniors. 

What is Medicare?  

Medicare is a federally funded health insurance program for U.S. citizens or individuals who have been residents for at least five continuous years and meet one of the following criteria: 

  • Are 65 or older 
  • Have end-stage renal disease 
  • Are under 65 but have certain disabilities 

Medicare consists of three main parts: 

Part A: Covers hospital visits 

Part B: Covers doctor visits and outpatient care 

Part D: Covers prescription drugs 

Part C: Known as the Medicare Advantage Program, combines Parts A and B, and often Part D, into one plan. 

Medicare Advantage Plans – Part C 

Medicare Advantage Plans are an all-in-one alternative to Original Medicare (Parts A and B). These plans are offered by private insurance agencies approved by Medicare and are designed to cover all the services that Original Medicare covers, plus additional benefits.  

Many Medicare Advantage Plans include prescription drug coverage (Part D) and offer extra services like dental, vision, hearing, and wellness programs. 

Types of Medicare Advantage Plans 

Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) Plans: These plans typically require you to use a network of doctors and hospitals. You’ll usually need a referral from your primary care doctor to see a specialist. 

Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) Plans: PPOs offer more flexibility in choosing healthcare providers. You can see out-of-network doctors at a higher cost, and you generally don’t need a referral to see a specialist. 

Private Fee-for-Service (PFFS) Plans: PFFS plans allow you to see any Medicare-approved doctor or hospital as long as they agree to the plan’s terms. These plans determine how much they will pay providers and how much you will pay. 

Special Needs Plans (SNPs): SNPs are tailored for individuals with specific diseases or characteristics. These plans customize their benefits, provider choices, and drug formularies to best meet the needs of the groups they serve. 

HMO Point-of-Service (HMO-POS) Plans: These plans are a mix of HMOs and PPOs. They allow you to use out-of-network services at a higher cost. 

Medical Savings Account (MSA) Plans: MSAs combine a high-deductible health plan with a bank account. Medicare deposits money into the account, which you can use to pay for healthcare services. 

Advantages of Medicare Advantage Plans 

Comprehensive Coverage 

Medicare Advantage Plans often provide more comprehensive coverage than Original Medicare. Many plans include prescription drug coverage, as well as additional benefits like dental, vision, and hearing care. Some plans even offer wellness programs and fitness memberships. 

Cost Predictability 

With Medicare Advantage Plans, you can enjoy more predictable out-of-pocket costs. Many plans have a maximum out-of-pocket limit, which means that once you reach this limit, the plan covers 100% of your covered services for the rest of the year. This can provide significant financial protection. 


Medicare Advantage Plans bundle various coverages into one plan. This means you have one plan for your medical, hospital, and prescription drug coverage, simplifying your healthcare management. 

Preventive Services 

Many Medicare Advantage Plans focus on preventive care, offering services such as routine check-ups, screenings, and immunizations. These services aim to keep you healthy and detect potential health issues early. 

Potential Drawbacks of Medicare Advantage Plans 

Provider Networks  

Depending on the plan type, you may need to use doctors and hospitals within the plan’s network. Seeing out-of-network providers can lead to higher costs or may not be covered at all. If you have a preferred doctor or hospital, it’s essential to check if they are in the plan’s network. 

Plan Variability  

Medicare Advantage Plans can vary significantly in terms of coverage, costs, and rules. This variability can make it challenging to compare plans and choose the best one for your needs. It’s crucial to understand the details of each plan you’re considering. 

Annual Changes 

Medicare Advantage Plans can change their coverage, costs, and provider networks each year. This means you need to review your plan annually during the Annual Election Period (October 15 to December 7) to ensure it still meets your needs. 

Prior Authorizations and Referrals 

Many Medicare Advantage Plans require prior authorizations for certain services and referrals to see specialists. These requirements can lead to delays in receiving care and additional administrative steps.

Key Considerations When Choosing a Medicare Advantage Plan 

Your Health Needs 

Start by assessing your health needs and preferences. Consider any chronic conditions, your preferred doctors and hospitals, and the importance of additional benefits like dental and vision care. Special Needs Plans can be particularly beneficial if you have specific health conditions. 


Compare the total costs of Medicare Advantage Plans, including premiums, deductibles, copayments, and out-of-pocket limits. It’s important to understand the trade-offs between lower premiums and higher out-of-pocket costs or vice versa. The maximum out-of-pocket limit is an important factor to consider as it provides a financial safety net. 

Provider Networks  

Check the provider networks of the plans you’re considering. Ensure that your preferred doctors and hospitals are included. If you value having the flexibility to see any provider, a PPO plan might be a better choice. 

Additional Benefits 

Consider the additional benefits offered by Medicare Advantage Plans. These benefits can add significant value, particularly if you need services like dental, vision, hearing, or wellness programs. 

Let TIS Insurance Services Help You Find the Right Medicare Plan 

As an independent insurance agency, TIS Insurance Services has a team of Medicare specialists and access to a wide range of top insurance options. Our team will educate you on the best coverage options and find you the most competitive rates.  

Let us do the legwork for you, saving you time and money. 


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